Linux Setup: Installation

Installing Red Hat Linux 9, Red Hat Advanced Server 2.1/3.0 and UnitedLinux is very similar. They each involve eight principal areas for planning and consideration. The areas are noted below.

 Hardware Compatibility
Review of Linux hardware compatibility issues.

 Network Setup
Verify & update network settings.

 Disk Partitions
Quick course on UNIX disk partitions.

 Firewall Selection
Overview of firewall options.

 Installation Steps
Step-by-step installation guide.

 Account Management
Overview on account management.

 Boot Loader
Quick course on Linux boot loaders.

 Package Selection
Quick course on package selection.


Red Hat Linux UnitedLinux 1.0
AS 2.1 AS 3.0
 Install Step-by-step  Install Step-by-step  Install Step-by-step
 Post-install Oracle9i  Post-install Oracle9i  Post-install Oracle9i
 Post-install Apps 11i  Post-install Apps 11i  Post-install Apps 11i


  • Installation Steps: UnitedLinux Linux 1.0
There are 14 steps to install UnitedLinux 1.0 from the production CDs. They are listed below.

  1. License Agreement.
Accept the UnitedLinux end user license agreement. Click the Accept button to cointinue.
  1. Select your language.
Select English (US), which is the default. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Select installation.
If a Linux system is installed, select the New installation radio button and OK button to continue.

If a Linux system is installed and non-bootable, this screen enables booting from the CD to perform maintenance on the operating system.

  1. Installation Settings.
There are nine steps in selecting the installation settings.
  1. Mode.
Click on the Mode link to edit the mode of installation. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Keyboard layout.
Click on the Keyboard layout link to edit the probed keyboard result. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Mouse.
Click on the Mouse layout link to edit the probed mouse result. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Mode.
Click on the Mode link to edit the mode of installation. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Partitioning.
Click on the Partitioning link to edit the probed partitioning result. The Suggested Partitioning form will be displayed. Select the Base partition setup on this proposal radio button and click the Next button to continue.

In the Expert Partitioner form, highlight partitions and click the Delete button. The confirmation dialog will ask for confirmation. Click the Yes button to continue. Repeat the process until all partitions are deleted, including the extended partitions.

After deleting the partitions, click the Create button to create a partition. A dialog will prompt for selection of a physical disk. Check the appropriate disk consistent with the partitioning plan and click the OK button to continue.

A new dialog will appear asking which type of partition should be created. There are two choices, a primary and extended partition. The first three partitions should be primary partitions. The fourth partition should be an extended partition. SuSE UnitedLinux only supports four primary partitions or three primary and one extended partition.

Using the format and size components below, repeat the process until all partitions are created.

Category Selection Criteria
Format Format the partition. The Ext3 file system is the native Linux format. UnitedLinux uses a ReiserFS file system natively. It is recommeded that the Ext3 file system should be used.
Size The UnitedLinux partitioning form does not enable entering a physical size. It requires entering a starting and ending cylinder value. If the partition planning allowed 100 MB for the root partition, then dividing 100 by the cylinder size will provide the number of cylinders required for the space. If the plan is based on physical size of space, then round up the number of cylinders.

  1. Software.
Click on the Software link to edit the preselected software package groups.

In the left frame of the software selection, please select the following packages. After deselecting Authentication Server, the perl-XML-Parser package will be deselected. In the right frame of the form, enable perl-XML-Parser, version 2.31-40.

Click the Accept button to continue.

Select Package Description
Yes C/C++ Compiler and Tools
Yes Gnome system
Yes KDE Desktop Environment
Yes Simple Webserver
Yes LSB Runtime Environment
Yes Graphical Base System
No YaST2 config modules
Yes Analyzing Tools
No Authentication Server (NIS, LDAP, Kerberos)
No DHCP and DNS Server
Yes File & Print Server (NFS, Samba, Cups)
Yes Mail and News Services

  1. Booting.
Click on the Booting link to change the booting hard disk. This is the partition slice that contains the /boot mount point. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Time zone.
Click on the Time zone link to change the time zone for the system. Click Accept button to continue.
  1. Language.
Click on the Language link to change the language for the system. Click Accept button to continue.
  1. Start Installation.
Click the Accept button to start the installation. A dialog will appear asking for confirmation to start the installation. Click the Yes, install button to begin the installation.
  1. Post Initial Phase Installation.
After the initial package installation, a confirmation dialog will appear. It will advise that the base system was successfully installed. It will prompt asking for an acknowlegement. Click the OK button to continue.
  1. Prompt for Disk #2.
At the prompt, enter the second disk and click the Continue button.
  1. Password for "root", the system administrator.
Enter a case sensitive password twice. Click Next button to continue.
  1. Add a new user.
Enter a first and last name. Enter a user login account. Enter a case sensitive password twice. Check the Forward root's mail to this user checkbox. For expanded coverage on adding users, please check the here. Click the Next button to continue.
  1. 3D capable card detected [Optional].
If a 3D accelerator card is installed in the machine, a dialog screen will appear to install experimental 3D driver files. DO NOT INSTALL 3D drivers on a machine that will be used as a server. The drivers are experimental and may cause problems. Click the No button to continue.
  1. Desktop Settings.
Click the Graphical desktop environment radio button. Click the Accept button to continue.
  1. Detect printers.
A modal window will display prompting to detect printers. Click the Skip detection button to continue.
  1. Installation Settings.
There are four steps in selecting the installation settings. After completing the following, click the Next button to accept the installation settings.

  1. Network interfaces.
Click on the Network interfaces layout link to edit and configure the probed network interface result.

The Network cards configuration form has two areas. The top one is to configure available Network Interface Cards (NICs). The bottom one is to change the configuration of detected and configured NIC cards. The default configuration is DHCP. Servers require fixed IP addresses. Click on the Change button to continue.

The Network cards configuration overview will display all NIC cards. Click the Edit button to change DHCP to fixed IP addresses. The Network address setup will display. Click the Static address setup radio button and enter both the IP Address and Subnet mask in dotted quad format.

Name Value
IP Address Enter the IP address, which is a four numbers separated by periods. The numbering sequence is called dotted quad format. Each number has a valid range between 1 and 254. When the IP address is entered, it will automatically populate the Netmask value with a default value of 255.255.0.0. This is an incorrect value that will change as qualified below.
Netmask The default netmask is used for a Class B Internet addressing schema. If installing in a contained test network, use a value of 255.255.255.0. If installing on the Oracle network, use a value of 255.255.252.0, which is a four-bit network value.

After entering the IP Address and Subnet mask, click the Host name and name server button to continue. The default host name is "linux" and the default domain is "local." Enter the host name, domain and any DNS servers and search domains. Click the Next button to continue.

Name Value
Hostname The hostname should be registered with the DNS servers.
Primary DNS The primary Domain Name Server. When the user clicks on the Hostname field, the installation automatically populates the Primary DNS value as the Network value plus 1, or the value of 144.1.154.1 based on the example above.
Secondary DNS The secondary Domain Name Server.
Ternary DNS The ternary Domain Name Server.

From the Network address setup form, click the Routing button to configure the default gateway and set any routing table values. Setting the routing table should be left to expert networking engineers. Enter the Default gateway. Click the Next button to continue.

Name Value
Gateway The gateway is the bridge point for the subnet network to the wide area network.

Networking is now configured; click the Next button to verify a fixed IP value. Click the Finish button to complete the configuration.

  1. Printers.
If there are printers to configure, click the Printers link.
  1. Modems.
If there are modems to configure, click the Modems link.
  1. ISDN adapters.
If there are ISDN adapters to configure, click the ISDN adapters link.
  1. Complete Installation.
After completing the network configuration, the system will reboot. At this point only the console has access or a Secure Shell (SSH) connection. Please go to the configuration section to complete the machine setup.

  • Post-installation Oracle9i Steps: UnitedLinux 1.0
Under development .....


  • Post-installation Applications 11i Steps: UnitedLinux 1.0
Under development .....